Sapta Chakra Yoga manuscipt.

What are the Chakras ?

Chakras are energie vortex on the body.

In traditions of Hinduism and Buddhism, Chakras are believed to be wheel-like vortices in the surface of the subtle body of living beings. The chakras are said to be "force centers" or whorls of energy permeating, from a point on the physical body, the layers of the subtle bodies in an ever-increasing fan-shaped formation. Rotating vortices of subtle matter, they are considered the focal points for the reception and transmission of energies.
Chakras are described as energy centers along the spine located at major branchings of the human nervous system, beginning at the base of the spinal column and moving upward to the top of the skull, through which, believers assert, pass 3 major energy channels, Sushumna, Ida and Pingala. Chakras are considered to be a point or nexus of biophysical energy or prana of the human body. Shumsky asserts that "prana is the basic component of your subtle body, your energy field, and the entire chakra system...the key to life and source of energy in the universe."

The 7 major chakras:

Base chakra - Muladhara

Muladhara is symbolized by a lotus with four petals and the color red.

Muladhara or root chakra is related to instinct, security, survival and also to basic human potentiality. Key issues involve sexuality, lust and obsession.

Motto: I Am

Primary functions: Survival, grounding, sexuality (for men), stability.

Physically: governs sexuality.
Mentally: governs stability.
Emotionally: governs sensuality.
Spiritually: governs a sense of security.

Sense: Smell

Related to: the kidneys, spinal column.

Endocrine gland: the Adrenal glands.

Colors: Red, Black (secondary color).

Element: Earth

Syllable: Lang


Sacral chakra - Svadhisthana

The Sacral Chakra is symbolized by a lotus with six petals, and corresponds to the color orange.

The key issues involving Svadisthana are relationships, violence, addictions, basic emotional needs, and pleasure.

Motto: I Feel

Primary functions: Creativity, sexual energy (for women), desire, pleasure, stability, self confidence, well-being.

Physically: governs reproduction.
Mentally: governs creativity.
Emotionally: governs joy.
Spiritually: governs enthusiasm.

Sense: Taste

Related to: the reproductive system.

Endocrine gland: the Gonads.

Colors: Orange, Gold, Amber.

Element: Water

Syllable: Vang


Solar plexus chakra - Manipura

Symbolised by a lotus with ten petals. The color that corresponds to Manipura is yellow.

Manipura is related to the metabolic and digestive systems. Key issues governed by Manipura are issues of personal power, fear, anxiety, opinion-formation, introversion, and transition from simple or base emotions to complex.

Motto: I Do

Primary functions: Will, determination, assertion, personal power, laughter, joy, anger.

Physically: governs digestion.
Mentally: governs personal power.
Emotionally: governs expansiveness.
Spiritually: all matters of growth.

Sense: Sight

Related to: the stomach, liver, nervous system and gall bladder .

Endocrine gland: the Pancreas.

Colors: Yellow, Gold.

Element: Fire

Syllable: Rang


Heart chakra - Anahata

Anahata is symbolised by a lotus flower with twelve petals. Anahata is related to the colors green or pink.

Anahata involves complex emotions, compassion, tenderness, unconditional love, equilibrium, rejection and well being.

Motto: I Love

Physically: governs circulation.
Mentally: governs passion.
Emotionally: governs unconditional love for the self and others.
Spiritually: governs devotion.

Sense: Touch

Primary functions: Love, wisdom, stability, perseverance, mental patience and equilibrium, or pleasure, compassion.

Related to: the heart, blood and circulatory system.

Endocrine gland: the Thymus gland.

Colors: Green, Pink (secondary color).

Element: Air

Syllable: Yang


Throat chakra - Vishuddha

Symbolised by a lotus with sixteen petals. Vishudda is characterized by the color light or pale blue, or turquoise.

Vishuddha may be understood as relating to communication and growth through expression. It governs such issues as self-expression and communication.

Motto: I Speak

Primary functions: Creativity, communication, expression, eloquence, intuition, synthesis.

Physically: governs communication.
Mentally: governs fluent thought.
Emotionally: governs independence.
Spiritually: governs a sense of security.

Sense: Hearing

Related to: the thyroid, lungs, bronchial and vocal apparatus.

Endocrine gland: the Thyroid gland.

Colors: Sky blue, Silver, Turquoise.

Element: Ether

Syllable: Hang


Brow chakra - Ajna

Ajna is symbolised by a lotus with two petals, and corresponds to the color white, indigo or deep blue.

Ajna is also known as the third eye. It's key issues involve balancing the higher & lower selves and trusting inner guidance.

Motto: I See

Primary functions: Direct perception, intuition, imagination, visualization, concentration, self-mastery.

Mentally: deals with visual consciousness.
Emotionally: deals with clarity on an intuitive level.

Sense: Extra sensory perception

Related to: the lower brain, ears, nose and nervous system.

Endocrine gland: the Pituitary gland.

Colors: Indigo, Dark blue.

Element: Inner sound

Syllable: Aum


Crown chakra - Sahasrara

Sahasrara is symbolized by a lotus with one thousand petals and represented by the color violet.

Sahasrara is generally considered to be the chakra of pure consciousness. It involves such issues as inner wisdom and the death of the body.

Motto: I Understand

Primary functions: Union, bliss.

Sense: Sense of empathy

Related to: the upper brain.

Endocrine gland: the Pineal gland.

Colors: Violet, Gold, White.

Element: Inner Light

Syllable: Ogum Satyam Om

Chakra information from Wikipedia.
Gemstones properties displayed on this page come from the book Healing Crystals by Michael Gienger.