Base chakra - Muladhara
Muladhara is symbolized by a lotus with four petals and the color red.
Muladhara or root chakra is related to instinct, security, survival and also to basic human potentiality. Key issues involve sexuality, lust and obsession.
Motto: I Am
Primary functions: Survival, grounding, sexuality (for men), stability.
Physically: governs sexuality.
Mentally: governs stability.
Emotionally: governs sensuality.
Spiritually: governs a sense of security.
Related to: the kidneys, spinal column.
Endocrine gland: the Adrenal glands.
Colors: Red, Black (secondary color).
Sacral chakra - Svadhisthana
The Sacral Chakra is symbolized by a lotus with six petals, and corresponds to the color orange.
The key issues involving Svadisthana are relationships, violence, addictions, basic emotional needs, and pleasure.
Motto: I Feel
Primary functions: Creativity, sexual energy (for women), desire, pleasure, stability, self confidence, well-being.
Physically: governs reproduction.
Mentally: governs creativity.
Emotionally: governs joy.
Spiritually: governs enthusiasm.
Related to: the reproductive system.
Endocrine gland: the Gonads.
Colors: Orange, Gold, Amber.
Solar plexus chakra - Manipura
Symbolised by a lotus with ten petals. The color that corresponds to Manipura is yellow.
Manipura is related to the metabolic and digestive systems. Key issues governed by Manipura are issues of personal power, fear, anxiety, opinion-formation, introversion, and transition from simple or base emotions to complex.
Motto: I Do
Primary functions: Will, determination, assertion, personal power, laughter, joy, anger.
Physically: governs digestion.
Mentally: governs personal power.
Emotionally: governs expansiveness.
Spiritually: all matters of growth.
Related to: the stomach, liver, nervous system and gall bladder .
Endocrine gland: the Pancreas.
Colors: Yellow, Gold.
Heart chakra - Anahata
Anahata is symbolised by a lotus flower with twelve petals. Anahata is related to the colors green or pink.
Anahata involves complex emotions, compassion, tenderness, unconditional love, equilibrium, rejection and well being.
Motto: I Love
Physically: governs circulation.
Mentally: governs passion.
Emotionally: governs unconditional love for the self and others.
Spiritually: governs devotion.
Primary functions: Love, wisdom, stability, perseverance, mental patience and equilibrium, or pleasure, compassion.
Related to: the heart, blood and circulatory system.
Endocrine gland: the Thymus gland.
Colors: Green, Pink (secondary color).
Throat chakra - Vishuddha
Symbolised by a lotus with sixteen petals. Vishudda is characterized by the color light or pale blue, or turquoise.
Vishuddha may be understood as relating to communication and growth through expression. It governs such issues as self-expression and communication.
Motto: I Speak
Primary functions: Creativity, communication, expression, eloquence, intuition, synthesis.
Physically: governs communication.
Mentally: governs fluent thought.
Emotionally: governs independence.
Spiritually: governs a sense of security.
Related to: the thyroid, lungs, bronchial and vocal apparatus.
Endocrine gland: the Thyroid gland.
Colors: Sky blue, Silver, Turquoise.
Brow chakra - Ajna
Ajna is symbolised by a lotus with two petals, and corresponds to the color white, indigo or deep blue.
Ajna is also known as the third eye. It's key issues involve balancing the higher & lower selves and trusting inner guidance.
Motto: I See
Primary functions: Direct perception, intuition, imagination, visualization, concentration, self-mastery.
Mentally: deals with visual consciousness.
Emotionally: deals with clarity on an intuitive level.
Sense: Extra sensory perception
Related to: the lower brain, ears, nose and nervous system.
Endocrine gland: the Pituitary gland.
Colors: Indigo, Dark blue.
Element: Inner sound
Crown chakra - Sahasrara
Sahasrara is symbolized by a lotus with one thousand petals and represented by the color violet.
Sahasrara is generally considered to be the chakra of pure consciousness. It involves such issues as inner wisdom and the death of the body.
Motto: I Understand
Primary functions: Union, bliss.
Sense: Sense of empathy
Related to: the upper brain.
Endocrine gland: the Pineal gland.
Colors: Violet, Gold, White.
Element: Inner Light
Syllable: Ogum Satyam Om